The Chinaranian is a mixed breed, so they don’t have history as their own breed. With that being said, both of their parent breeds have their own rich histories.
The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz group of dogs, which includes the Samoyed, Alaskan Malamute, and Norwegian Elkhound. While today Poms weigh 5-7 pounds, they were originally closer to 30 pounds! Through many years of selective breeding, the Pomeranian has transformed into the tiny, fluffy dog we’re familiar with today. A Pomeranian named Dick was the first Pom entered into the American Kennel Club (AKC) stud book, in 1888. In 1892, the first Pom was entered in a dog show in New York. The AKC recognized the breed in 1900, and Pomeranians quickly grew in popularity in the United States. In 1909, the American Pomeranian Club was accepted as a member club of the AKC, and the club was designated as the Parent Club for the breed. Today, Pomeranians rank 14th among the 155 breeds and varieties registered by the AKC.
The first thing many notice about the Chinese Crested is their unique appearance; however, there’s much more to be interested in with this pup’s rich history. The Chinese Crested didn’t actually entirely originate in China. They descended from African or Mexican hairless dogs who were then reduced in size by Chinese dog breeders. It’s believed that dogs we’d recognize today as the Crested originated as early as 1530. Earlier names of the Crested include Chinese Hairless, the Chinese Ship Dog (yes, they were frequently taken to sea), and the Chinese Royal Hairless. The Chinese bred the dog for their excellent ratting abilities on ships, and sailors traded them at different ports. It’s unclear when the breed officially arrived in North America, but the first breed club for the Chinese Crested was founded in 1974. The breed remains relatively uncommon due to high care requirements.