The Pomeranian Cockapoo is a mixed breed, so they don’t have history as their own breed. Both parent breeds, however, are well known and loved.
The modern Cocker Spaniel is descended from older members of the Spaniel family. The word spaniel means « Spanish dog, » and it’s believed that they originated in Spain. By the 1800s, Spaniels were divided into two groups: toys (primarily companions) and large hunting dogs. Hunting dogs were further divided into land and water spaniels. The Cocker Spaniel was named for the breed’s excellence in the field hunting woodcock.
The Pomeranian was first developed in the province of Pomerania from the ancient Spitz breeds of the far northern countries. The Pom’s closest relatives are the Norwegian Elkhound, the Schipperke, the German Spitz, the American Eskimo Dog, the Samoyed, and other members of the Spitz group. In the early days of the Pomeranian, they were much bigger – around thirty pounds. Even in the breed’s early days, Poms were popular. Notable people who were said to have Pomeranian-type dogs include theologian Martin Luther, artist Michelangelo, physicist Isaac Newton, and composer Mozart.
In 1888, a Pomeranian named Dick was the first Pomeranian entered into the American Kennel Club (AKC) stud book. After the breed became AKC recognized in 1900, Pomeranians quickly grew in popularity in the United States. In 1909, the American Pomeranian Club was accepted as a member club of the AKC and designated as the Parent Club for the breed. Today the breed ranks 14th among the 155 breeds and varieties registered by the AKC.
The Poodle is one of the oldest breeds developed specifically for hunting waterfowl. Most historians agree that the Poodle originated in Germany, but developed into their own breed in France. Many believe that the breed is the result of crosses between several European water dogs, including Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Hungarian, and Russian water dogs. Some say that the Miniature and Toy Poodles emerged shortly after the Standard, but many believe it wasn’t until the 1400s that breeders began intentionally creating smaller versions of the Poodle — first the Miniature, then the Toy — to delight the Parisian bourgeoise. Although the Standard was used for duck hunting, the smaller varieties had use as well – while many kept them as lapdogs, they were also talented truffle hunters. It’s not known for sure when Poodles arrived in the U.S., but the American Kennel Club registered their first Poodle in 1886. The Poodle Club of America was founded in 1896, but disbanded shortly thereafter. Poodle enthusiasts reestablished the club in 1931.