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Poisoning by Petroleum Products in Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

Written by aslmad.yaz


Poisoning by petroleum products in dogs happens as a result of a dog’s exposure to products containing refined petroleum oil. Sometimes, the condition can be fatal. Technically, the condition is also known as petroleum hydrocarbon toxicosis in dogs.

Unfortunately, many household products contain petroleum oil. In particular, you’ll find it in waxes, paints, and solvents.

If you see the signs of the condition in your dog, then get to a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Here’s what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments for the condition.

Symptoms of poisoning by petroleum products in dogs

High angle of dog sleeping at gas station below pump and coiled hose, how dogs get petroleum product poisoning.
(Photo Credit: Cavan Images | Getty Images)

Petroleum hydrocarbon toxicosis produces a very wide range of symptoms. With this in mind, some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Depression
  • Fever
  • Stomach pain
  • Breathing problems
  • Salivating
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Cyanosis
  • Trouble walking
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Nose discharge
  • Skin irritation
  • Visual problems
  • Coma

Causes of petroleum hydrocarbon toxicosis in dogs

Puppy covered in green paint from paint tray, which can result in petroleum product poisoning in dogs.
(Photo Credit: Martin Poole | Getty Images)

The cause of the condition is a dog’s exposure to refined petroleum oil. This can happen through inhalation, skin contact, or ingestion. For instance, some of the most common products that can cause this include:

  • Gasoline
  • Kerosene
  • Paints
  • Solvents
  • Waxes
  • Lubricants
  • Turpentine
  • Brake fluids
  • Wood stains
  • Linseed oil

Treatments for poisoning by petroleum products in dogs

To begin with, your vet will ask about your dog’s symptoms. Secondly, your vet will ask about any circumstances where your dog could have been exposed to petroleum.

Next, your vet will carry out a full physical examination. Blood and urine samples will be collected. Additionally, your veterinarian will test the contents of your dog’s stomach for signs of poisoning or petroleum hydrocarbon toxicosis.

Generally, treatment begins with activated charcoal. As such, your vet will give this to your dog to try and neutralize any toxins in the body.

Additionally, oxygen therapy is often considered. Also, any signs of petroleum on your dog’s fur and skin will be gently washed off.

Ultimately, prevention is better than the cure for this condition. Given this, make sure that your dog does not have access to any household products that contain petroleum.

Finally, you can read more about other common household poisons that can harm your dog.


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