The Eskipoo is a mixed breed, so they don’t have history as their own breed. Both parent breeds, however, are well known and loved.
The American Eskimo dog is a member of the Spitz family. Spitz dogs are Nordic dogs with foxlike faces, thick weather-resistant coats, tails carried up over the back, and small pointed ears. There is a great variety in the size of Nordic breeds ranging from the tiny Pomeranian to the large Samoyed. The American Eskimo falls on the smaller end of the scale. It’s unclear where exactly the American Eskimo originated. What is known is that small, white Spitz-type dogs were commonin German immigrant communities in the United States. These dogs were most likely descendents of the white German Spitz, white Keeshonden, or large Pomeranians that came along to America with their German families. They became known collectively as American Spitz dogs. In 1917, the American Spitz was renamed the American Eskimo Dog, though today nobody really knows why. The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was founded in 1985, and in 1995, the American Kennel Club recognized the breed in the Non-Sporting Group.
The Poodle is one of the oldest breeds developed specifically for hunting waterfowl. Most historians agree that the Poodle originated in Germany, but developed into their own breed in France. Many believe that the breed is the result of crosses between several European water dogs, including Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Hungarian, and Russian water dogs. Some say that the Miniature and Toy Poodles emerged shortly after the Standard, but many believe it wasn’t until the 1400s that breeders began intentionally creating smaller versions of the Poodle — first the Miniature, then the Toy — to delight the Parisian bourgeoise. Although the Standard was used for duck hunting, the smaller varieties had use as well – while many kept them as lapdogs, they were also talented truffle hunters. It’s not known for sure when Poodles arrived in the U.S., but the American Kennel Club registered their first Poodle in 1886. The Poodle Club of America was founded in 1896, but disbanded shortly thereafter. Poodle enthusiasts reestablished the club in 1931.