The Cockeranian is a mixed breed, so they don’t have history as their own breed. With that being said, both of their parent breeds have their own rich histories.
The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz group of dogs, which includes the Samoyed, Alaskan Malamute, and Norwegian Elkhound. While today Poms weigh 5-7 pounds, they were originally closer to 30 pounds! Through many years of selective breeding, the Pomeranian has transformed into the tiny, fluffy dog we’re familiar with today. A Pomeranian named Dick was the first Pom entered into the American Kennel Club (AKC) stud book, in 1888. In 1892, the first Pom was entered in a dog show in New York. The AKC recognized the breed in 1900, and Pomeranians quickly grew in popularity in the United States. In 1909, the American Pomeranian Club was accepted as a member club of the AKC, and the club was designated as the Parent Club for the breed. Today, Pomeranians rank 14th among the 155 breeds and varieties registered by the AKC.
The modern Cocker Spaniel is descended from older members of the Spaniel family. The word spaniel means « Spanish dog, » and it’s believed that they originated in Spain. By the 1800s, Spaniels were divided into two groups: toys (primarily companions) and large hunting dogs. Hunting dogs were further divided into land and water spaniels. The Cocker Spaniel was named for the breed’s excellence in the field hunting woodcock.