The Cavapom is a mixed breed, so they don’t have history as their own breed. Both parent breeds, however, are well known and loved.
Cavaliers are descended from the toy spaniels depicted in many 16th, 17th, and 18th century paintings by famous artists such as Van Dyck and Gainsborough. Used as a hunting dog, the athletic Cavalier was bred for both work and the ability to curl up on a lap at the end of the day. However, the breed itself is fairly new. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized by the UKC in 1945, after much pushing from devoted breeders and fans. However, American Cavalier fans still had to wait longer before the breed became popular or recognized in the US. In 1954, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club was created, the official breed club and only registering body for Cavaliers in the United States for more than fifty years. The AKC officially recognized the breed in March 1995 — meaning that the breed has been able to be registered in the US for less than thirty years.
The Pomeranian was first developed in the province of Pomerania from the ancient Spitz breeds of the far northern countries. The Pom’s closest relatives are the Norwegian Elkhound, the Schipperke, the German Spitz, the American Eskimo Dog, the Samoyed, and other members of the Spitz group. In the early days of the Pomeranian, they were much bigger – around thirty pounds. Even in the breed’s early days, Poms were popular. Notable people who were said to have Pomeranian-type dogs include theologian Martin Luther, artist Michelangelo, physicist Isaac Newton, and composer Mozart.
In 1888, a Pomeranian named Dick was the first Pomeranian entered into the American Kennel Club (AKC) stud book. After the breed became AKC recognized in 1900, Pomeranians quickly grew in popularity in the United States. In 1909, the American Pomeranian Club was accepted as a member club of the AKC and designated as the Parent Club for the breed. Today the breed ranks 14th among the 155 breeds and varieties registered by the AKC.