The Cava Inu is a mixed breed, so they don’t have history as their own breed. Both parent breeds, however, are well known and loved.
Cavaliers are descended from the toy spaniels depicted in many 16th, 17th, and 18th century paintings by famous artists such as Van Dyck and Gainsborough. Used as a hunting dog, the athletic Cavalier was bred for both work and the ability to curl up on a lap at the end of the day. However, the breed itself is fairly new. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized by the UKC in 1945, after much pushing from devoted breeders and fans. However, American Cavalier fans still had to wait longer before the breed became popular or recognized in the US. In 1954, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club was created, the official breed club and only registering body for Cavaliers in the United States for more than fifty years. The AKC officially recognized the breed in March 1995 — meaning that the breed has been able to be registered in the US for less than thirty years.
The Shiba Inu’s origins were based in flushing birds and wild game, but today they’re both compact guard dogs and loyal companions. They are the smallest of Japan’s native breeds: Akita (large), Kishu, Hokkaido, Kai, Shikoku (medium), and Shiba Inu (small). An American service family was the first to import the Shiba Inu into the United States in 1954, but there is little documented about the breed until the 1970s. The first U.S. litter of Shibas was born in 1979. The Shiba Inu was recognized in the American Kennel Club Miscellaneous Class in 1993 and acquired full status with the Non-Sporting Group in 1997.